You need a camera with a very wide angle of view. My preference is for a full 360 degree camera as this also lets you form your images into 'tiny-planet' photos, which are a unique, relatively new way to compose a photograph. As part of my job I've tried many different 360° cameras, but my favourite for on-bike shots is the Ricoh Theta. It has bright, clear LEDs to let you know what it's doing and is easy to operate (even when wearing motorcycle gloves) physical controls. It'll let you preset things on a smartphone if you want, but it works just as well firing the shutter button for video or photo.
Other 360° cameras I've tried have you faffing around with smartphone based controls which don't work with gloves on. I've also had problems, especially with Samsung's Gear360, rendering images out of that camera in the provided software. The Ricoh software offers settings I value like interval photography and the software has never had a problem rendering quickly. All the 360° cameras I've tried have surprisingly good light retention and clarity of image for fixed lens cameras.
You might be able to get away with a 180° camera or something like a go-pro with fish-eye lens, but the 360° camera guarantees you catch everything because it catches everything with no need to aim and focus.
I started doing on bike photos by firing the shutter using the big button on the Theta. This produced some good on-bike shots, but you always end up with an arm in the photo holding the camera, and you look like you're not focused purely on riding because you're not.
There are some benefits to firing the shutter manually. You can time it to catch something interesting. You don't have to focus or aim at anything because the camera catches it all in focus. You can make some interesting angles holding it low over the pavement, overhead or anywhere else you're flexible enough to reach. Even with all that though, you've still got an arm in every shot, unless you're really cunning with the cropping in post processing.
Post from RICOH THETA. - Spherical Image - RICOH THETA
Last summer I was testing a self levelling gimbal for 360° video and made a video under the most challenging circumstances I could devise (riding a motorbike):
I finally settled on a gorilla-pod type flexible tripod. If your bike has raised rear view mirrors they make the perfect mounting point for the camera. If you wrap the tripod around the wing mirror with some care, you can still use the mirror effectively. Flexible tripods have good stretch, so I'd recommend wrapping one of the arms right around the mirror arm to ensure it stays attached even if it comes loose. I pre-set the camera to take a photo on interval mode every 5-10 seconds and then forget about it. When I get back I look through the photos for interesting shots and then pull them into the 360 software which takes the raw image data and lets you move around within the photo to frame the part you're looking for. The shots you end up getting look like they were taken from a drone flying along next to you:
You can play with the geometry of 360 photos and video in a number of interesting ways. One of the most popular is the little planet shot where the image is distorted to make the ground a circle in the centre of the photo. The Theta software does this if you put your photos onto the theta360 website with the click of a button. Here are some 'tiny planet' images:
It's digital photography, so don't be tentative. Try different things, fire a lot of shots and keep the good stuff. With a bit of practice you'll be producing amazing looking on-bike shots that'll have people asking you, 'how'd you do that?'
Here are the bullet points in case you're a millennial that doesn't read long form text:
- Get yourself a quality Gorilla Pod type tripod. I use this one I got from Amazon, but I'd suggest going up market a bit - this thing is a plastic piece of crap.
- Wrap it around one of your rear view mirrors.
- I loop one tripod leg right around the mirror arm, so there is no chance of losing the camera (I learned that the hard way).
- I prefer the Ricoh Theta because:
- it has physical buttons that are easily usable even with gloves on
- it has clearly visible LEDs and modes
- the Theta has superior software for video and photo editing, including built in tiny planet settings and it never crashes or renders pixelated (like Samsung software)
- it's aerodynamic and much lighter than alternatives
- Set the camera to video or interval photo-shooting, start it up and forget about it
- When you get back download the videos or photos and check out what you caught
- When you use the software you can look around within each photo and video and compose photos and video based on the bit you want to see
When you're collecting many photos on auto shutter it's relatively easy to combine them all together into a stop motion video.
Links to other 360 motorcycle photo examples:
Some other variations with camera location on the bike:
Mounted on the riser on the windshield so you get an off the front view.
360 shots make for good imaging backgrounds in posters and online content. Mechanical Sympathy is my homepage...
Rear camera mounting positions...
On the pillion footpeg mount on the Fireblade
Mounted on the rear pillion frame on the Triumph Tiger...
A more extreme rear camera mounting position can be found here: https://kingfisherimaging.blogspot.com/2018/10/variations-in-on-motorcycle-360.html
A primer on how to use automation in Adobe Photoshop and Premier Pro to create a little planet stop motion video from 360 photos: https://kingfisherimaging.blogspot.com/2020/03/its-editing-all-way-down-creating-360.html
Getting a grip on running scripts in Photoshop lets you automatically generate hundreds of tiny planet images that can then be dropped into a stop motion video.
Another crack at it using photos taken from a summer 2020 ride through the Haliburton Highlands in Central Ontario.
2020 360 on-bike photography album: https://photos.app.goo.gl/7NWTV4nfpYS7Uy7i6